Zavattini, Cesare

(1902-1989)
   Novelist, screenwriter, director. Having worked for many years as a journalist, a novelist, a painter, and a cultural organizer, in 1935 Zavattini also embraced the cinema by writing the story and screenplay for Mario Camerini's Dard un milione (I'll Give a Million, 1936). He then worked on the screenplay of Alessandro Blasetti's Quattropassi fra le nuvole (A Stroll through the Clouds, 1942) before initiating what would be his very long and fruitful collaboration with Vittorio De Sica with his screenplay for I bambini ci guardano (The Children Are Watching Us, 1943).
   In the immediate postwar period he wrote, alone or in collaboration, the screenplays of many of the great neorealist classics, as well as becoming the most prominent theoretical voice of the neorealist movement itself by championing the notion of cinema as a pedinamento (tailing or following) of everyday life in an unremitting search for truth. Although his theoretical ideas were often judged utopian and many of his projects frequently remained unrealized, he continued to be an important presence in Italian postwar culture and accrued an impressive list of screenwriting credits: he wrote Sciuscia (Shoe-Shine, 1946), Ladri di biciclette (Bicycle Thieves, 1948), Miracolo a Milano (Miracle in Milan, 1951), Umberto D (1952), La ciociara (Two Women, 1960), Ieri, oggi, domani (Yesterday, Today, Tomorrow, 1963), and Il giardino dei Finzi-Contini (The Garden of the Finzi-Continis, 1972), all for De Sica. He also collaborated again with Blasetti on Prima comunione (First Communion, 1950), with Luciano Emmer on Domenica d'agosto (Sunday in August, 1950), and with Luchino Visconti on Bellissima (1951). Widely respected both by his fellow writers and by the many filmmakers with whom he worked, he served for many years as president of the Associazione Nazionale Autori Cinematografici (ANAC, National Film Writers Association). In 1976 he received the American Screenwriters Association Award and in 1982 both the Luchino Visconti Award and a career Golden Lion at the Venice Festival. Curiously, for someone so involved in the production of cinema, he directed only one film on his own, La veritaaaa (The Truuuuth, 1981), a fairly transparent autobiographical work in which an energetic 80-year-old man escapes from his nursing home in order to exhort people in the street to think more independently and to realize themselves through social responsibility.
   Historical Dictionary of Italian Cinema by Alberto Mira

Guide to cinema. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Zavattini, Cesare — ▪ Italian writer born September 29, 1902, Luzzara [Reggio Emilia], Italy died October 13, 1989, Rome       Italian screenwriter, poet, painter, and novelist, known as a leading exponent of Italian Neorealism (Neorealism).       Born into a humble …   Universalium

  • Zavattini, Cesare — (1902 1989)    Novelist, screenwriter, director. Having worked for many years as a journalist, a novelist, a painter, and a cultural organizer, in 1935 Zavattini also embraced the cinema by writing the story and screenplay for Mario Camerini s… …   Historical dictionary of Italian cinema

  • Zavattini, Cesare — • ДЗАВАТТИ НИ (Zavattini) Чезаре (р. 20.9.1902)    итал. писатель, художник, сценарист, теоретик кино. Учился в Пармском ун те. В кон. 20 х гг. начал журналистскую и лит. деятельность. В кино с 1935 (сц. ф. Дам миллион по собств. новелле Добряк… …   Кино: Энциклопедический словарь

  • Zavattini, Cesare — ► (1902 89) Novelista y guionista cinematográfico italiano. Autor de Hablemos de mí (1931) y Los pobres están locos (1937), entre otras …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Zavattini, Cesare — (Luzzara, Reggio Emilia 1902 Roma 1989) scrittore, poeta dialettale e commediografo ; pittore e giornalista; soggettista e sceneggiatore cinematografico; direttore con Achille Campanile di “Settebello”. collab./opere: “Stazione di Posta” …   Dizionario biografico elementare del Novecento letterario italiano

  • Zavattini — Zavattini, Cesare …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Cesare Zavattini — (20 September 1902 13 October 1989) was an Italian screenwriter and one of the first theorists and proponents of the Neorealist movement in Italian cinema. Contents 1 Brief biography 2 Directors 3 Selected filmography …   Wikipedia

  • Zavattini — Cesare Zavattini (* 20. September 1902 in Luzzara; † 13. Oktober 1989 in Rom) war ein italienischer Drehbuchautor, der mit neo realistischen Filmen bekannt wurde. Geboren in Luzzara, in der Nähe von Reggio nell’Emilia, im Norden Italiens,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • ZAVATTINI (C.) — ZAVATTINI CESARE (1902 1989) Écrivain italien né à Luzzara, en Émilie, il s’est surtout fait connaître par ses contributions tant pratiques que théoriques au cinéma de son pays, et son influence s’est un temps étendue au delà des frontières.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Zavattini — (Cesare) (1902 1989) scénariste italien. Il créa avec V. De Sica le néo réalisme: le Voleur de bicyclette (1948) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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